Pelvic inflammatory disease: Symptoms and the Causes

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August 2, 2023

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection occurring in the female reproductive organs. It affects the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Mostly, it is caused by the sexually transmitted bacteria. However, some other factors can also increase your chances of having pelvic inflammatory disease. An untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to serious implications related to your fertility, pregnancy, and personal life.

Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease

Generally, you may face no major symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease, making it difficult to get diagnosed and treated. Therefore, it is important to be watchful about some possible signs and symptoms like:

Lower abdominal pain or tenderness

Feeling feverish or sick Abnormal vaginal discharge with an unusual odour

Painful urination

Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse

Heavy and painful periods

What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is generally caused by sexually transmitted infections and bacteria like chlamydia or gonorrhoea and mycoplasma genitalium. These bacteria enter from your vagina into your cervix and reach higher up to your reproductive organs. You are prone to get these infections due to unprotected sex.

However, in some cases, pelvic inflammatory disease does not occur due to sexually transmitted infections. Your vagina contains many different bacteria in general which sometimes can cause PID. It can generally happen after:

Having a baby or childbirth

Pelvic surgery


Insertion of Intrauterine contraception device. However, the small increased risk is mostly limited to first three weeks after IUCD is inserted.

Situations of being at higher risk of developing PID

You are more prone to the risk of developing PID if you :

have a sexually transmitted infection, especially chlamydia or gonorrhoea and do not get treated.

Have multiple sexual partners

Have a history of pelvic inflammatory disease

Are under 25 years of age and are sexually active

An early diagnosis and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease can cure the disease. But a delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to some severe and long-term complications like:

Blockage of fallopian tubes

Untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to the development of scar tissues and pockets of infected fluid that block the reproductive organs.


Blocked fallopian tubes and delayed treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease can put you at a greater risk of infertility.

Ectopic pregnancy

The development of scar tissues in the fallopian tubes prevents the implantation of the fertilised egg in the uterus. In such cases, the egg gets implanted into the fallopian tube itself which can dramatically increase the risk of massive bleeding during pregnancy and the need for emergency medical attention.

Consistent and chronic pelvic pain

Long-term suffering from pelvic inflammatory disease can cause pain for months and years, especially during intercourse and ovulation.

Life-threatening infection

The development of pus in your reproductive tracts mainly affects the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Whereas in some cases the infection may spread to your uterus and pelvic organ making it more harmful to your well-being.

Stay updated to know about the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease in our upcoming blog.

Best Gynae in Gurgaon

Dr. Shweta Wazir is the best gynae in gurgaon who provides a wide range of services to women of all ages and stages. She is an expert in handling normal and high-risk pregnancies, delivering babies through normal or cesarean mode, and ensuring postnatal care and recovery. She is also a skilled laparoscopic surgeon who can perform various procedures for gynecological issues, such as hysterectomy, ovarian cystectomy, tubal ligation, and more.

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