Can ovarian cysts affect fertility? 

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September 20, 2023

Are you or someone you know struggling with the presence of an ovarian cyst and wondering if it might affect your fertility? You are not alone. An ovarian cyst is a common gynaecological issue these days and its potential effect on fertility is widespread. 

However, it is important to note that ovarian cysts come in various forms, including functional cysts, dermoid cysts, endometriomas, and others. It is crucial to recognize that not all ovarian cysts have a significant impact on fertility, as some are considered benign and may not interfere with a woman’s reproductive capabilities. Some ovarian cysts and sometimes treatments for these may affect your fertility. 

Let’s understand the different types of ovarian cysts that can affect your fertility. 

Functional ovarian cysts like follicular cysts and Corpus luteum cysts are the part of normal menstrual cycle. These cyst generally indicate the natural occurrence of ovulation. These cysts do not affect fertility. However, their enlargement might affect ovary functioning or other problems, but this is rare to happen. 

Dermoid cysts and cystadenomas may create fertility problems when complications like ovary torsion or rupture occur. They may need surgical treatment in which an ovary or a part of the ovary may need to be removed. These situations may create fertility problems but these cysts do not have the potential to affect fertility directly. 

Endometriomas or endometriosis are known to progressively harm the internal ovarian structures as the cysts grow bigger. This detrimental effect can lead to reduced fertility in women. Even the surgical removal of endometriomas does not help improve fertility, in fact, it may cause more loss of ovarian tissue. 

Sometimes cysts are present in both ovaries, necessitating surgical treatment that involves the removal of tissues from both ovaries. In such situation, there is a potential risk of reduced fertility.

Some ovarian cysts, though common, can raise concerns about a woman’s ability to conceive and continue a pregnancy. Understanding the various types of ovarian cysts and their effects on fertility is the first step toward making informed decisions about your reproductive health. Education is key, and it’s essential to stay informed about your own body. You can get in touch with Dr Shweta Wazir, the best gynaecologist and obstetrician in gurgaon to get more insights about such issues. Book an appointment with us at 91 8448128007 or for all your gynaecological and obstetrical concerns.

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