Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure done to access your abdomen and pelvis without making large incisions on the skin to diagnose and treat several health problems.
This procedure employs a specialized medical instrument laparoscope, a compact tube equipped with a high-intensity light source, and an integrated camera. These sophisticated instruments enable real-time visualization of the internal structures within the abdomen or pelvis, with the captured images projected onto a computer screen for precise monitoring and assessment during the surgical procedure.
Laparoscopy is used to diagnose and treat various conditions like:
-Removing a damaged or deceased organ
-Taking out a tissue for a biopsy test
-To study and treat conditions affecting the female reproductive, digestive, and urinary systems.
Laparoscopy is performed under general anesthesia and entails the creation of small incisions in the abdominal area. Through one of these incisions, a specialized tube is inserted to insufflate the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas, which facilitates improved visualization of the internal organs and enables precise manipulation during the procedure. Once the surgical objectives are accomplished, the gas is carefully released, and the incisions are meticulously sutured for proper closure.
Typically, the diagnostic laparoscopy procedure can be completed within 30-60 minutes, while the duration may extend for therapeutic interventions treating specific conditions.
Following a diagnostic laparoscopy, patients can typically expect a recovery period of approximately five days. However, in the case of laparoscopy conducted for therapeutic purposes, the recovery time may vary significantly, ranging from three weeks to twelve weeks, contingent upon the nature and extent of the treatment administered.
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-During laparoscopy, you need a shorter hospital stay and recovery time is comparatively faster.
-Less pain and bleeding problems after the surgery
-Low risk of infection
Laparoscopy serves as a versatile surgical approach, with tubal sterilization being among the procedures effectively carried out using this technique. Additionally, laparoscopy offers a valuable method for performing hysterectomies. During a laparoscopic hysterectomy, the uterus is detached from its internal connections and can be extracted through small abdominal incisions in fragments or as a whole through the vaginal route.
Following your laparoscopy, you may experience:
-Bleeding and bruising around the incision
-Feeling sick and vomiting
Yes, it is estimated that 1 out of every 1000 cases, can have serious laparoscopic complications such as:
-Organ damage leading to organ dysfunction (bowel or bladder)
-Serious allergic reaction due to general anaesthesia
- Blood clots forming in a leg vein (DVT) can break loose and block a lung blood vessel (pulmonary embolism).
Laparoscopy serves as a diagnostic tool for specific cancers, enabling the retrieval of tissue samples through the laparoscope for subsequent laboratory analysis, known as a biopsy. Cancers such as liver, pancreatic, ovarian, bile duct, and gallbladder cancers are among those that can be accurately diagnosed using this approach.