Kidney Stones: Prevention

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July 26, 2023

Proper hydration is a key preventive measure. You should be drinking enough water to pass about 2.6 quarts of urine each day. Increasing the amount of urine, your pass helps flush the kidneys.

You can substitute ginger ale, lemon-lime soda, and fruit juice for water to help you increase your fluid intake. If the stones are related to low citrate levels, citrate juices could help prevent the formation of stones.

Eating oxalate-rich foods in moderation and reducing your intake of salt and animal proteins can also lower your risk of kidney stones.


If your kidney stone is caused by too much calcium, you may be advised to reduce the amount of oxalates in your diet.

Oxalates prevent calcium from being absorbed by your body, and can accumulate in your kidney to form a stone. Foods that contain oxalates include:  

  • Beetroot
  • Chocolate
  • almonds, peanuts
  • soy products
  • grains
  • Medication

Your medication depends upon the type of stone you have. If you have:

Calcium stones – you may be prescribed a diuretic medication if they are caused by hypercalciuria (an inherited condition) 

Struvite stones – you may be prescribed antibiotics to help prevent a urinary tract infection or kidney infection- main causes of struvite stones.

Uric acid stones – you may be prescribed allopurinol (a medication used to lower uric acid levels).

Cystine stones – you may be prescribed medication to lower levels of cystine in your urine.

I will be talking about other such issues in the upcoming blogs. Stay connecte

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