Kidney stones often have no definite cause, although several factors may increase your risk.
Kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances than the fluid in your urine can dilute. At the same time, your urine may lack substances that prevent crystals from sticking together, forming stones.
Family or personal history. If someone in your family has kidney stones, you’re more likely to develop stones, too.
Dehydration. Not drinking enough water each day can increase your risk of kidney stones. People who live in warm climates and those who sweat a lot may be at higher risk than others.
Certain diets. Eating a diet that’s high in protein, sodium (salt) and sugar may increase your risk of some types of kidney stones. This is especially true with a high-sodium diet. Too much salt in your diet increases the amount of calcium in your kidneys.
Being obese. High body mass index (BMI), large waist size and weight gain have been linked to an increased risk of kidney stones.
Digestive diseases and surgery. Inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea can cause changes in the digestive process that affect your absorption of calcium and water, increasing the levels of stone-forming substances in your urine.
Other medical conditions. Diseases and conditions that may increase your risk of kidney stones include renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, hyperparathyroidism, certain medications and some urinary tract infections.
I will be talking about its treatment in the upcoming blog. Stay connected.
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