How does obesity affect pregnancy?

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October 6, 2023

Pregnancy is a transformative journey characterized by moments of joy, wonder, and the promise of new beginnings. However, for women grappling with obesity during pregnancy, this remarkable journey can be accompanied by a unique set of challenges. Obesity is typically characterized by a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 30.It introduces a range of complexities that extend throughout the entire pregnancy journey influencing every stage from conception to postpartum care. 

If you are grappling with obesity during pregnancy or have someone around like this, you may wonder: How does obesity affect pregnancy? Or what possible problems can it create for a pregnant woman? Let’s delve into the intricate ways in which obesity can significantly influence your journey through pregnancy. Obesity during pregnancy can put you at increased risk of following health problems. 

Gestational diabetes 

Obesity during pregnancy may increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes which can increase the risk of having a larger baby. This in turn may increase the chances of caesarean delivery and can expose both mother and baby to an increased risk of diabetes in the future. 

High blood pressure

High blood pressure generally starts during the second half of pregnancy. This condition is also recognized as gestational hypertension and has the potential to give rise to severe complications during the childbirth.


Pre-eclampsia is a serious form of gestational hypertension that can cause problems like kidney failure, seizures, heart attack, and stroke. Pre-eclampsia can also create problems with the placenta and create growth problems for the fetus. 

Obstructive sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a condition in which a person may experience shortness of breath for short periods during sleep. Obesity during pregnancy can cause sleep apnea and increase the risk of problems like high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, and heart and lung problems. 

Obesity can significantly impact the journey of pregnancy, introducing a range of health complications and challenges that both the mother and the baby may face. Awareness and early intervention are key to ensuring a safer and healthier pregnancy for those facing the complexities of obesity. To know more, you can also reach out to Dr. Shweta Wazir, the best gynecologist in gurgaon. Book an appointment with us at 91 8448128007 or 

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