Complex obstetric surgeries refer to surgical procedures performed during pregnancy, labor, or childbirth to address complicated or high-risk situations of pregnancy. These surgeries are conducted when there are medical conditions or factors that could potentially jeopardize the health of the mother, the baby, or both.
Some complex obstetric surgeries include:
-Caesarean section: It is the most common obstetric surgery that involves an incision through the mother’s abdomen and uterus when birth through the vagina is not safe or possible.
-Placenta previa: This surgery is needed to deliver the baby when the placenta partially or completely covers the cervix.
-Fetal surgery: Fetal surgery is needed when the fetus is still in the womb but has certain birth defects which are life-threatening after birth.
-Managing abnormal fetal positions: Complex obstetric surgeries are required to reposition the baby for a safer delivery.
-Uterine rupture repair: Complex obstetric surgeries are required to repair a ruptured uterus which may tear during labor.
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Following are some surgical conditions that complicate pregnancy:
-History of abdominal or pelvic surgeries
-Complicated multiple caesareans in the past
-Abnormal shape of the uterus
-Extensive scar tissues on the uterus
-Past surgery to remove fibroids
-Placenta previa or placenta accreta
Yes, fetal surgery is performed on the fetus while the fetus is still in the mother’s womb.
Complex obstetric surgeries involve some potential risks such as infection, bleeding, and adverse reaction to medications.
In some cases, complex obstetric surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy, which may result in smaller incisions and faster recovery.
In certain cases, complex obstetric surgeries are conducted to manage postpartum hemorrhage, a serious complication involving severe bleeding after childbirth. These surgeries utilize techniques such as uterine artery ligation or uterine compression sutures to address the condition effectively.