Hysteroscopy is a non-invasive procedure designed to assess the internal condition of the uterus. It involves a hysteroscope- a slender tube equipped with a light, and a miniature camera. It enables medical professionals to visually inspect the uterus by inserting the hysteroscope through the vagina and cervix without any external incisions. The camera captures images on a monitor, facilitating a comprehensive examination of the uterine cavity.
Hysteroscopy can be used to:
- Investigate and assess a range of medical issues, including heavy menstrual bleeding, atypical vaginal bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, pelvic pain, recurrent miscarriages, and fertility concerns.
-Diagnosing and removing fibroids and polyps
-Locating displaced intrauterine devices and treating intrauterine adhesions
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There are some other alternatives to examine the uterus like pelvic ultrasound and endometrial biopsy. But, these alternatives may be performed alongside a hysteroscopy is not as effective as hysteroscopy in diagnosing and treating the problems.
-Extreme pain: that does not get relieved by painkillers
-Unbearable heavy bleeding
-Bright red blood or large clots passing through the vagina
-Smelly vaginal discharge
-Feeling warm and shivery
These symptoms could be a sign of a problem, such as an infection.
Hysteroscopy is generally considered safe, but like any medical procedure, it carries some inherent risks. There is a slight possibility of the hysteroscope inadvertently puncturing the uterus or cervix, leading to potential bleeding or the accumulation of excess fluid in the body.
While recovering from hysteroscopy, you may experience:
-Cramping similar to the ones you have during your periods: Paracetamol and ibuprofen can help relieve the pain
-Spotting or bleeding lasting up to a week or more.
Following a hysteroscopy, it is advisable to abstain from sexual activity for one week or until any post-procedural bleeding ceases. This precautionary measure aims to minimize the risk of infection and promote optimal healing and recovery. Adhering to these recommendations ensures the well-being of the patient after the procedure.