Kidney Stones: Diagnosis & Treatment

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July 26, 2023


Blood testing. Blood tests may reveal too much calcium or uric acid in your blood. Blood test results help monitor the health of your kidney.

Urine testing. The 24-hour urine collection test may show that you’re excreting too many stone-forming minerals or too few stone-preventing substances.

Imaging. Imaging tests may show kidney stones in your urinary tract.

Other imaging options include an ultrasound, a noninvasive test, and intravenous urography, which involves injecting dye into an arm vein and taking X-rays as the dye travels through your kidneys and bladder.

Analysis of passed stones. You may be asked to urinate through a strainer to catch stones that you pass. The stone is then used to determine what’s causing your kidney stones.


For Small stones

Most small kidney stones won’t require invasive treatment. You may be able to pass a small stone by:

Drinking water. 

Drinking as much as 1.9 to 2.8 liters a day may help flush out your urinary system. Mostly water — to produce clear or nearly clear urine.

Pain relievers. 

Passing a small stone can cause some discomfort. To relieve mild pain, your doctor may recommend pain relievers.

Medical therapy. 

Your doctor may suggest you an alpha blocker which relaxes the muscles in your ureter, helping you pass the kidney stone quickly with less pain.

I will be talking further about the treatment of passing big stones in the upcoming blog. Stay connected.

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