Male infertility refers to difficulties a man may face when attempting to impregnate a woman due to issues with his sperm. A man needs a normal and healthy sperm count to achieve pregnancy. Infertility can stem from different sperm-related problems, such as the absence of sperm, a low sperm count, or unhealthy sperm with slow movement or abnormal shapes.
To diagnose male infertility, doctors typically conduct a "sperm count" test, which assesses the number and health of sperm in a sample provided by the man. If the sperm count is low, the doctor may repeat the test and perform additional examinations, including blood tests, testicle size measurements, and tests to identify any blockages in the reproductive system.
The reasons why men can have an abnormal sperm count include:
-Testicle problems such as a block in the tube, through which the sperm travels to reach the penis
-Having low levels of the hormone testosterone.
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When evaluating male fertility, your doctor will take a "sperm count" test to assess the quantity and quality of your sperm. This test involves providing a sperm sample for analysis, which helps determine the number of sperm present and their overall health.
If the initial sperm count indicates a low result, your doctor may request one or more follow-up tests to confirm the findings. If the subsequent tests continue to show abnormal sperm counts, further investigations may be conducted. These additional examinations could include various assessments, such as blood tests, testicular examinations, or tests to identify any potential blockages in the reproductive system.
Different treatments can help men with infertility. These can include:
-Hormone treatment to increase sperm counts
-Surgery to treat blocked testicle
-In vitro fertilization (IVF)
In the context of male infertility treatment using IVF, the procedure involves retrieving eggs from the woman and sperm from the man. These components are combined in a laboratory setting, allowing the sperm to fertilize the eggs outside the body. Once fertilization occurs, the resulting embryos are carefully placed into the woman's uterus, where they can develop and grow. In some cases, a specialized technique called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is used alongside IVF. During ICSI, a single sperm is directly injected into an egg, increasing the chances of successful fertilization. This approach is often employed for men with low sperm counts or abnormal sperm. Additionally, ICSI can be an option for men who seemingly produce no sperm, as there may still be viable sperm in their testicles that can be retrieved and utilized for the IVF-ICSI procedure.